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Citing Your Sources

About CSE

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) style is a standard citation style used across many disciplines in the physical and life sciences. 

CSE allows you to select from one of three systems to cite sources:

- Name-Year: in-text citations are added in parentheses, and consist of the author(s) last name, as well as the document’s year of publication (Smith 2021). The end Reference list appears in alphabetical order by author's last name.

- Citation-Sequence: a superscript number (e.g. ²) is assigned to a document the first time it appears in the text, and the same number is used whenever that work is cited. The references in the Reference list are listed numerically in the order in which they first appeared in the text.

- Citation-Name: all references in the Reference list are organized alphabetically by author's last name, and assigned a number according to their order in the list. This number is then inserted in the text in superscript font wherever the work is cited.